What is an IVA? – All you need to know!

You may have heard the term ‘IVA’ used when people and companies talk about debt – but what is it? How would you go about getting one? And would it be the right solution for you?

What is it exactly?

IVA stands for ‘Individual Voluntary Agreement’ – it’s a legally binding agreement put into place by between an individual and companies they owe money to.

What does it do?

Essentially an IVA (Individual Voluntary Agreement) takes into consideration all the unsecured debt that a person owes and packages it together into one large sum. The person is supported to calculate exactly how much they can afford to pay toward that sum each month and an agreement is put into place to ensure this payment is made. Payments will normally be made for 5 years and when the final payment is made, any outstanding money is written off and you are debt free.

Who can get one?

If you think an IVA might be the right solution the first step is to talk to a professional company experienced in supporting people through the process. You will work with that company to assess your current financial situation and an affordable monthly repayment amount will be decided upon. When that’s been done, your creditors will be contacted and this monthly amount will be proposed – they can either be in favour of the agreement or against it.

What happens if they say no?

Often it doesn’t matter, the company or companies to which you owe the largest proportion of the money get the final say, so if most agree, the others are bound by the agreement anyway. Creditors often welcome an IVA, for them it means a repayment of at least some of the debt, which is often preferable to chasing an individual over a large period of time with no certainty that they will be able to recover their money.

So I just pay a set amount?

To begin with an amount is agreed upon based on your current financial position – but this can change. Part of the reason creditors agree to an IVA relates to the fact it’s based on affordability, so if you can afford a little more, the payment might increase – although it’s not just creditors that are protected, if your financial circumstances change and you can no longer afford the payment then it can be reduced.

Who puts an IVA in place?

An Insolvency Practitioner (often referred to as an IP) assesses your finances and draws up the legal agreement between yourself and the companies you owe money to. As professionals, IPs are trusted to do this fairly and impartially. When in place they oversee the agreement, making sure an affordable amount of money is being repaid and ensuring that creditors stick to the terms – which includes not adding any additional charges or interest.

Why do people choose an IVA?

No more calls: The IP deals with the creditors so you don’t have to.

Your house is safe: Court action is stopped, if you’re a homeowner this means your house is no longer at risk.

No more charges: When an amount is agreed by a creditor that’s it, they cannot add further charges or interest.

Agreed amount: You make the payment you can afford, not more.

Agreed timescales: Your agreement runs for the time agreed (normally 5 years) – after that your debt is gone.

Continuing to struggle with out-of-control debts might feel like it’s the only option or the right thing to do – but it could be leading you toward a far worse situation; including bankruptcy or repossession of your home. If you think an IVA could be the right path for you speaking to a professional could lift an enormous weight from your shoulders and protect.

How to Save Up

All of us dream of saving enough money to accomplish something we have always wanted. Some of us dream of going on a holiday cruise abroad. Some want to get that dream house they have always wanted. Some dream of living a life comfort in their twilight years.

Whatever your goal is, saving money is often easier said than done. This article seeks to give you some concrete advice to help you save money.

Also Read: 10 Budgeting Tips For Low Income Families 

Set a Goal 

First things first, you need to have a concrete number in mind. This will serve as your target, your goal. This is actually a crucial step as it will give you something to strive for. Otherwise, your dream vacation will only remain in your dreams.

Check Your Finances

You need to rein in all financial documents in your possession. This is vital so that you can have a concrete idea on the state of your finances. It will also give you a timeframe for your financial goals.

Make a Budget

Now that you know where you stand, it is now a matter of planning how to get to your goals. Making a budget is simple enough – juxtapose your income flow.


Making A Personal Budget

In order to properly manage one’s finances, it is crucial that each individual crafts his or her own personal budget. It is probably one of the most useful financial tools out there. Luckily, making a budget is easy enough that anyone can do it.

Budgeting is also one of the best ways to keep yourself our of debt, we all like to spend our money and buy nice things, however sometimes this does lead us to spending more than we make. This is covered is a recent article called The Psychology of Debt which is also worth a read.

This article presents the simple steps you need to do to make a personalized budget.

Getting the Full Financial Picture

Before making the budget itself, you will first need to have a grasp on your financial situation. After all, your budget will serve as your financial blueprint. So, like with any plan, you will want your financial blueprint to be as accurate as possible.

Making the Budget

In order to make the budget itself, you will need to make a two-column table. One for your income flow, and one for all your expenses. Make sure that you deduct taxes from your income so that you get the actual amount.

This should be as detailed as possible. List down all your expenses, including food, rent, and utilities. By determining the amount of money coming in and going out, you will be able to determine expenditures you can trim or cut out altogether.

Do the budget regularly and make the necessary adjustments for every cycle. More importantly, follow it!